Sources

Pan Europe

1 WHO, IARC Europe factsheet, 2020 website
2 Statista.com, Life expectancy, 2021 website
3 Statista.com, GDP, 2021 website
4 Eurostat, 2021 website
5 European Cancer Organisation (2021). Time To Act: Covid-19 & Cancer Data Intelligence website

Austria

1 World Bank, 2020 website
2 World Bank, 2019 website
3 WHO, IARC Country profile, 2020 website
4 WHO, Cancer Country profile, 2018 website
5 Statistics Austria, 2020 - Projections of cancer incidence and mortality website
6 Statistics Austria, 2020 - Household income website
7 Eurostat, 2020 website
8 Pink Ribbon, 2020 - Krebsvorsorge „oberhalb“ und „unterhalb“ der Gürtellinie – WICHTIG: Auch in Zeiten einer Pandemie website
9 Höhs, F. (2020). Krebs kennt keinen Lockdown. Wiener Zeitung website
10 Tulchiner, G. et al. (2021). The "Covid-19 Pandemic Gap" and Its Influence on Oncologic Outcomes of Bladder Cancer. Cancers, 13(8), 1754. doi:10.3390/cancers1308175 website
11 Tsibulak, I. et al. (2020). Decrease in gynecological cancer diagnoses during the Covid-19 pandemic: an Austrian perspective. International journal of gynecological cancer: official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society vol. 30(11), 16 website
12 Minichsdorfert, C et al. (2021). Impact of Covid-19 lockdown on routine oncology versus emergency care at a high volume cancer centre. European Journal of Clinical Investigation. 51(8). doi.org/10.1111/eci.13623 website
13 Reuter-Oppermann, M. et al. (2020). Influence of the pandemic dissemination of Covid-19 on radiotherapy practice: A flash survey in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. PLOS ONE 15(5). doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0233330 website

Belgium

1 World Bank, 2020 website
2 WHO, IARC Country profile, 2020 website
3 WHO, Cancer Country profile, 2020 website
4 OECD, 2020 website
5 European Commission, Economic forecast for Belgium, 2020 website
6 Van de Voorde, C. et al. (2020). Gestion de la capacité hospitalière en Belgique durant la première vague de la pandémie de Covid-19 (KCE REPORT 335Bs). Centre Fédéral d’Expertise des Soins de Santé (KCE) website
7 Peacock, H. M. et al. (2021). Decline and incomplete recovery in cancer diagnoses during the Covid-19 pandemic in Belgium: a year-long, population-level analysis. ESMO Open, 6(4). doi.org/10.1016/j.esmoop.2021.100197 website
8 Pelsemaeker de, M. C. et al. (2020). The Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic and the Associated Belgian Governmental Measures on Cancer Screening, Surgical Pathology and Cytopathology. Pathobiology, 88(1), 46-55. doi: 10.1159/000509546 website
9 Vaandering, A. et al. (2021). Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on Patients and Staff in Radiation Oncology Departments in Belgium: A National Survey. Frontiers in Oncology, 11, 748. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2021.654086 website
10 Onesti, C. E. et al. (2020). 1720P How do oncological patients perceive the Covid-19 pandemic? Experience from CHU Liège in Belgium. Ann Oncol, 31, S1010. doi:10.1016/j.annonc.2020.08.1784 website
11 Azambuja de, E. et al. (2020). Impact of solid cancer on in-hospital mortality overall and among different subgroups of patients with Covid-19: a nationwide, population-based analysis. ESMO Open, 5(5). doi: 10.1136/esmoopen-2020-000947 website
12 Lattenist, R. et al. (2020). Covid-19 in Adult Patients with Hematological Disease: Analysis of Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes. Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus, 37(1), 181-185. doi: 10.1007/s12288-020-01318-4. website

Cyprus

1 World Bank, 2020 website
2 World Bank, 2019 website
3 WHO, IARC Country profile, 2020 website
4 WHO, Cancer Country profile, 2020 website
5 WHO, Cancer Country profile, 2018 website
6 European Central Bank, 2019 website
7 Eurostat, 2020 website
8 Cyprus Mail, 2021 website
9 Kyriazis, M. et al. (2021). Covid-19 Isolation and Risk of Death in Cyprus Elderly People. Frontiers in Medicine, 8, 1263. doi: 10.3389/fmed.2021.717692 website

Czech Republic

1 World Bank, 2020 website
2 World Bank, 2019 website
3 WHO, IARC Country profile, 2020 website
4 WHO, Cancer Country profile, 2020 website
5 Focus Economics, 2019 website
6 Eurostat, 2020 website
7 Suchanek, S. et al. (2021). The Impact Of The Covid-19 Pandemic On Colorectal Cancer Screening In The Czech Republic. Endoscopy, 53(1), S268. doi:10.1055/s-0041-1725002 website

Denmark

1 World Bank, 2019 website
2 WHO, IARC Country profile, 2020 website
3 Eurostat, 2020 website
4 Jeppesen, S. S. et al. (2021). Quality of life in patients with cancer during the Covid-19 pandemic - a Danish cross-sectional study (COPICADS). Acta Oncology, 60(1), 4-12. doi: 10.1080/0284186X.2020.1830169 website
5 Vinter Weber, N. (2020, December 9). Fight Against Cancer: Worrying decline in new cancer diagnoses during corona crisis website
6 Wessel Skovlund, C. et al. (2021). Hidden morbidities: drop in cancer diagnoses during the Covid-19 pandemic in Denmark. Acta Oncologica, 60(1), 20-23. doi: 10.1080/0284186X.2020.185823 website
7 Kjeldsted, E. et al. (2021). A population-based survey of patients’ experiences with teleconsultations in cancer care in Denmark during the Covid-19 pandemic. Acta Oncologica, 60(10), 1352-1360. doi: 10.1080/0284186X.2021.1956688 website

France

1 World Bank, 2019 website
2 WHO, IARC Country profile, 2020 website
3 WHO, Cancer Country profile, 2018 website
4 French National Cancer Institute, 2018 website
5 OECD, 2018 website
6 Eurostat, 2020 website
7 Kempf, E. et al. (2021). New cancer cases at the time of SARS-Cov2 pandemic and related public health policies: A persistent and concerning decrease long after the end of the national lockdown. European Journal of Cancer, 150, 260-267. doi: 10.1016/j.ejca website
8 Blay, J. Y. et al. (2021). Delayed care for patients with newly diagnosed cancer due to Covid-19 and estimated impact on cancer mortality in France. ESMO OPEN, 6(3), 100-134. doi: 10.1016/j.esmoop.2021.100134. website
9 IQVIA. (2021). Impact of Covid-19 on the Treatment of Cancer - EU4 and UK website
10 Lamblin, G. et al. (2020). Impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on therapeutic modifications in patients with gynecological cancers. ESMO OPEN, 48(11), 777-783. doi: 10.1016/j.gofs.2020.09.011. Lamblin, G et al. “Impact de la pandémie de Covid-19 sur les modif website
11 Bardet, A. et al. (2020). Impact of Covid-19 on healthcare organisation and cancer outcomes. European Journal of Cancer, 153, 123-132. doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2021.05.012. "A. Bardet et al. ""Impact of Covid-19 on healthcare organisation and cancer outcomes"" website
12 Héquet, D. et al. (2020). Impact of the Covid-19 epidemic on requests for initial care for breast cancer. Bull Cancer, 107(6), 620-622. doi: 10.1016/j.bulcan.2020.04.004. Héquet, Delphine et al. “Impact de l’épidémie de Covid-19 sur les demandes de prise website
13 Ligue contre le Cancer. (2021). Mars Bleu 2021 : mois de dépistage du cancer colorectal. website
14 Cancer centre Gustave Roussy. (2020, September 18). Covid-19 : la surmortalité par cancers lors de la première vague estimée entre 2 et 5% website
15 Santé Publique France. (2021, September 27). Recensement national des cas de Covid-19 chez les professionnels en établissements de santé. https://www.santepubliquefrance.fr/etudes-et-enquetes/recensement-national-des-cas-de-Covid-19-chez-les-professionnel website

Germany

1 World Bank, 2019 website
2 WHO, Cancer Country profile, 2020 website
3 Robert Koch Institute, 2016 website
4 OECD, 2018 website
5 Eurostat, 2020 website
6 Heise, G. (2020). Despite Covid-19, breast cancer screening is as important as ever. DW. https://www.dw.com/en/despite-Covid-19-breast-cancer-screening-is-as-important-as-ever/a-54632441., 2020 website
7 IQVIA. (2021). Impact of Covid-19 on the Treatment of Cancer - EU4 and UK. website
8 Büntzel, J. et al. (2021). Take care or “German Angst”? Lessons from cancer care during Covid-19 pandemic in spring 2020. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol, 147, 2093–2105. doi: 10.1007/s00432-020-03492-4. website
9 Reichardt, P. et al. (2021). Decreased Incidence of Oncology Admissions in 75 Helios Hospitals in Germany during the Covid-19 Pandemic. Oncol Res Treat, 44(3), 71-75. doi: 10.1159/000512935. website
10 Wurnschimmel, C. et al. (2020). Martini-Klinik experience of prostate cancersurgery during the early phase of the Covid-19 pandemic. BJU International, 126(2), 252-255. doi: 10.1111/bju.15115. website
11 Jacob, L. et al. (2021). Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on Cancer Diagnoses in General and Specialized Practices in Germany. Cancers, 13(3), 408. doi: 10.3390/cancers13030408 website
12 Hajek, A. et al. (2021). Determinants of Postponed Cancer Screening During the Covid-19 Pandemic: Evidence from the Nationally Representative Covid-19 Snapshot Monitoring in Germany (COSMO). Risk Management and Healthcare Policy, 14, 3003-3011. doi: 10.21 website
13 WHO, IARC Country profile, 2020 website

Ireland

1 World Bank, 2020 website
2 WHO, IARC Country profile, 2018 website
3 National Cancer Registry Ireland, 2018 website
4 Irish Cancer Society, 2021 website
5 Burke, L. et al, Deploying Data-Driven Intelligence to measure the impact of COVID-19 on cancer care and cancer patients, 2020 website
6 Focus economics, 2020 website

Italy

1 WHO, IARC Country profile, 2020 website
2 World Bank, 2020 website
3 WHO, Cancer Country profile, 2020 website
4 Eurostat, 2020 website
5 Thaler, M. et al. (2020). Impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on patients suffering from musculoskeletal tumours. International orthopaedics, 44(8), 1503–1509. doi: 10.1007/s00264-020-04636-4. website
6 Mantellini, P. et al. (2020). Rapporto sui ritardi accumulati dai programmi di screening italiani in seguito alla pandemia da Covid-19 - Secondo Rapporto al 30 Settembre 2020. Gruppo di lavoro ONS website
7 IQVIA. (2021). Impact of Covid-19 on the Treatment of Cancer - EU4 and UK. website
8 Jereczek-Fossa, B.A. et al. (2020). Covid-19 Outbreak and Cancer Radiotherapy Disruption in Lombardy, Northern Italy. Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol), 32(7), 160-161. doi: 10.1016/j.clon.2020.04.007 website
9 Marinis de, F. et al. (2020). Results of Multilevel Containment Measures to Better Protect Lung Cancer Patients From Covid-19: The IEO Model. Frontiers in Oncology, 10, 665. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2020.00665. website
10 Variani, S. (2020). Cure Palliative Domiciliari e Covid-19: Aspetti clinici e organizzativi nelle zone ad alto e Basso Rischio - L’IMPATTO PSICOLOGICO SU PAZIENTI E FAMILIARI. Fondazione ANT. website
11 Slotman, B. J. et al. (2020). Effect of Covid-19 pandemic on practice in European radiation oncology centers. Covid-19 Rapid Letter, 150, 40-42. doi: 10.1016/j.radonc.2020.06.007. website
12 Motore Sanita. (2021). Cancro e COVID: l’emergenza nell’emergenza l’oncologia nell’era intra e post pandemica website
13 Vanni G. et al. (2020). The Effect of Coronavirus (Covid-19) on Breast Cancer Teamwork: A Multicentric Survey. In Vivo, 34(3), 1685-1694. doi: 10.21873/invivo.11962 website

Netherlands

1 World Bank, 2020 website
2 World Bank, 2019 website
3 WHO, IARC Country Profile, 2020 website
4 WHO, Cancer Country profile, 2018 website
5 Netherlands Comprehensive Cancer Organisation, 2019 website
6 Statistics Netherlands (CBS), 2020 website
7 Eurostat, 2020 website
8 Kortlever, T. L. et al. (2021). The national FIT-based colorectal cancer screening program in the Netherlands during the Covid-19 pandemic. Preventive Medicine, 151, 106643. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2021.106643 website
9 EFPIA (2021), The impact of Covid-19 0n patient access to cancer care in Europe - Everyday counts website
10 Eijkelboom, A. H. et al. (2021). Impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on diagnosis, stage, and initial treatment of breast cancer in the Netherlands: a population-based study. J Hematol Oncol, 14, 64. doi: 10.1186/s13045-021-01073-7. website
11 Uyl-de Groot, Carin A et al. “Underdiagnosis in cancer due to the Covid-19 crisis by diagnosis, age and province: A crucial role for primary care providers” [Fewer cancer diagnoses during the Covid-19 epidemic according to diagnosis, age and region]. TSG: website
12 Dutch Federation of Cancer Patient Organisations website
13 Schellekens, M. P. J. et Van der Lee, M. L. (2020). Loneliness and belonging: Exploring experiences with the Covid-19 pandemic in psycho-oncology. Psycho-Oncology, 29(9), 1399-1401. doi: 10.1002/pon.5459 website
14 Joode de, K. et al. (2021). Dutch Oncology Covid-19 consortium: Outcome of Covid-19 in patients with cancer in a nationwide cohort study. Eur J Cancer, 141, 171-184. doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2020.09.027 website

Poland

1 World Bank, 2020 website
2 WHO, IARC Country profile, 2018 website
3 WHO, Cancer Country profile, 2018 website
4 Eurostat, 2020 website
5 Maluchnik, M., et al. (2020). Decreasing access to cancer diagnosis and treatment during the Covid-19 pandemic in Poland. Acta Oncologica, 60(1), 28-31. doi: 10.1080/0284186X.2020.1837392 website
6 National Institute of Oncology Maria Skłodowska-Curie of the National Research Institute. (2021). The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the oncological care system. website

Portugal

1 World Bank, 2019 website
2 WHO, Cancer Country profile, 2020 website
3 WHO, IARC Country profile, 2020 website
4 WHO, IARC Country profile, 2018 website
5 OECD Better Life Index, 2017 website
6 Eurostat, 2020 website
7 Expresso - Lusa Agency. (2021). Perto de 450 mil rastreios ao cancro ficaram por fazer no primeiro ano de pandemia website
8 Pereira, K. et al. (2021). O impacto da pandemia Covid-19 na abordagem terapêutica do cancro de cabeça e pescoço: Uma análise semestral. Revista Portuguesa De Otorrinolaringologia E Cirurgia De Cabeça E Pescoço, 59(2), 207-215. doi: 10.34631/sporl.93 website
9 Liga Portuguesa Contra o Cancro. (2020). Impacto da Covid-19 em doentes oncológicos e seus familiares/cuidadores. website
10 Observador - Lusa Agency. (2020). Covid-19. IPO do Porto preocupado com redução na referenciação de novos casos de cancros website

Romania

1 WHO, IARC Country profile, 2020 website
2 World Bank, 2019 website
3 WHO, Cancer Country profile, 2020 website
4 ICCP, 2020 website
5 Eurostat, 2020 website
6 Romanian Health Observatory. (2020). The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the access of chronically ill people to medical services in Romania website
7 Gheorghe, A. S. et al. (2021). Knowledge, attitudes and practices related to the Covid-19 outbreak among Romanian adults with cancer: a cross-sectional national survey. ESMO OPEN, 6(1), 100027. doi: 10.1016/j.esmoop.2020.10002 website

Russia

1 WHO, IARC Country profile, 2020 website
2 World Bank, 2020 website
3 Loginova, K. (2020). Why kill others?": 190 cancer patients left untreated to accommodate Covid-19 infected. Sneg. www.sneg.tv/43654-pochemu-nado-ubivat-drugih-190-onkobolnyh-ostavili-bez-lechenija-chtoby-razmestit-zarazhennyh-Covid-19, 2020 website
4 Tsimafeyeu, I. et al. (2021). Covid-19 in Patients With Renal Cell Carcinoma in the Russian Federation. Clinical Genitourinary Cancer, 19(2), 69-71. doi: 10.1016/j.clgc.2020.07.007, 202 website
5 COVIDSurg Collaborative. (2020). Elective surgery cancellations due to the Covid-19 pandemic: global predictive modelling to inform surgical recovery plan. BJS, 107(11), 1440-1449. doi: 10.1002/bjs.11746, 2020 website
6 Kaprin, A. D. et al. (2021). Experience of treating cancer patients in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic. Anesthesiology and Reanimatology, (2), 117-123. doi: 10.17116/anaesthesiology2021021117 website

Spain

1 World Bank, 2020 website
2 WHO, Cancer Country profile, 2020 website
3 WHO, IARC Country profile, 2020 website
4 Eurostat, 2020 website
5 Amador, M. et al. (2021). Impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the care of cancer patients in Spain. ESMO Open, 6(3), 100157. doi: 10.1016/j.esmoop.2021.10015 website
6 IQVIA. (2021). Impact of Covid-19 on the Treatment of Cancer - EU4 and UK website
7 De la Portilla de Juan, F. et al. (2020). Impact of the pandemic on surgical activity in colorectal cancer in Spain - Results of a national survey. Cirurgia española, 94(6). doi: 10.1016/j.ciresp.2020.07.011 website
8 Astor, L. (2021). Study shows increase in lung cancer mortality, decrease in diagnosis during Covid-19 pandemic. Cancer network, World Conference on Lung Cancer. website

Switzerland

1 WHO, IARC Country profile , 2020 website
2 World Bank, 2019 website
3 OECD Better life index, 2020 website
4 Eurostat, 2020 website
5 Triboulet, C. (2021). Impact de la pandémie de Covid sur la détection des cancers de la peau. Revue Médicale de Suisse, 17(732), 635 - 639. PMID: 33793101 website
6 Achard, V. et al. (2020). A national survey on radiation oncology patterns of practice in Switzerland during the Covid-19 pandemic: Present changes and future perspectives. Radiotherapy and Oncology, 150, 1-3. doi: 10.1016/j.radonc.2020.05.04 website

United Kingdom

1 World Bank, 2019 website
2 WHO, IARC Country profile, 2020 website
3 UK Office for National Statistics, 2020 website
4 Cancer Research UK, 2020 - Cancer Statistics for the UK website
5 Statista.com, 2020 website
6 Breast Cancer Now. (2020). Almost one million women in UK miss vital breast screening due to Covid-19. website
7 Wishart, G. (2021). The effect of Covid on cancer diagnosis in 2020. The science of communications website
8 Ho, K. M. A. et al. (2021). Predicting endoscopic activity recovery in England after Covid-19: a national analysis. Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol, 6(5), 381-390. doi: 10.1016/S2468-1253(21)00058-3 website
9 Macmillan Cancer Support (2020) website
10 Davies, J. (2021). What impact has Covid-19 had on cancer services?. Nuffield Trust. website
11 IQVIA. (2021). Impact of Covid-19 on the Treatment of Cancer - EU4 and UK website
12 The Lancet Oncology. (2021). Covid-19 and cancer: 1 year on. The Lancet Oncology, 22(4), 411. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(21)00148-0 website
13 Lai, A.G. et al. (2020). Estimated impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on cancer services and excess 1-year mortality in people with cancer and multimorbidity: near real-time data on cancer care, cancer deaths and a population-based cohort study. BMJ Open, 10 website
14 Willan, J. et al. (2020). Assessing the impact of lockdown: Fresh challenges for the care of haematology patients in the Covid-19 pandemic. British Journal of Haematology, 189(6), 224-227. doi: 10.1111/bjh.16782 website
15 Maringe, C. et al. (2020). The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on cancer deaths due to delays in diagnosis in England, UK: a national, population-based, modelling study. The Lancet Oncology, 21(8), 1023-1034. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(20)30388-0 website
16 NHS e-Referral Service (e-RS) open data dashboard [Internet]. Nhs.uk website
17 Cancer research UK, 2021 - Almost half of people with possible cancer symptoms didn’t see GP in first wave of pandemic website
18 Leong, T. L. (2020). Delayed access to lung cancer screening and treatment during the Covid-19 pandemic: Are we headed for a lung cancer pandemic?. Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology, 26(2), 145-146. doi: 10.1111/resp.13996 website
19 Sud, A. et al. (2020). Effect of delays in the 2-week-wait cancer referral pathway during the COVID-19 pandemic on cancer survival in the UK: a modelling study. The Lancet Oncology, 21(8), 1035–1044. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(20)30392-2 website
20 Loveday, C. et al. (2021). Prioritisation by FIT to mitigate the impact of delays in the 2-week wait colorectal cancer referral pathway during the COVID-19 pandemic: a UK modelling study. Gut, 70(6), 1053–1060. doi: 10.1136/gutjnl-2020-321650 website
21 UK Parliament. (2020). Workforce burnout and resilience in the NHS and social care Contents. website