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Pan Europe

1WHO, IARC Europe factsheet, 2020website
2Statista.com, Life expectancy, 2021website
3Statista.com, GDP, 2021website
4Eurostat, 2021website
5European Cancer Organisation (2021). Time To Act: Covid-19 & Cancer Data Intelligencewebsite

Austria

1World Bank, 2020website
2World Bank, 2019website
3WHO, IARC Country profile, 2020website
4WHO, Cancer Country profile, 2018website
5Statistics Austria, 2020 - Projections of cancer incidence and mortalitywebsite
6Statistics Austria, 2020 - Household incomewebsite
7Eurostat, 2020website
8Pink Ribbon, 2020 - Krebsvorsorge „oberhalb“ und „unterhalb“ der Gürtellinie – WICHTIG: Auch in Zeiten einer Pandemiewebsite
9Höhs, F. (2020). Krebs kennt keinen Lockdown. Wiener Zeitungwebsite
10Tulchiner, G. et al. (2021). The "Covid-19 Pandemic Gap" and Its Influence on Oncologic Outcomes of Bladder Cancer. Cancers, 13(8), 1754. doi:10.3390/cancers1308175website
11Tsibulak, I. et al. (2020). Decrease in gynecological cancer diagnoses during the Covid-19 pandemic: an Austrian perspective. International journal of gynecological cancer: official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society vol. 30(11), 1667-1671. doi:10.1136/ijgc-2020-001975website
12Minichsdorfert, C et al. (2021). Impact of Covid-19 lockdown on routine oncology versus emergency care at a high volume cancer centre. European Journal of Clinical Investigation. 51(8). doi.org/10.1111/eci.13623website
13Reuter-Oppermann, M. et al. (2020). Influence of the pandemic dissemination of Covid-19 on radiotherapy practice: A flash survey in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. PLOS ONE 15(5). doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0233330website

Belgium

1World Bank, 2020website
2WHO, IARC Country profile, 2020website
3WHO, Cancer Country profile, 2020website
4OECD, 2020website
5European Commission, Economic forecast for Belgium, 2020website
6Van de Voorde, C. et al. (2020). Gestion de la capacité hospitalière en Belgique durant la première vague de la pandémie de Covid-19 (KCE REPORT 335Bs). Centre Fédéral d’Expertise des Soins de Santé (KCE)website
7Peacock, H. M. et al. (2021). Decline and incomplete recovery in cancer diagnoses during the Covid-19 pandemic in Belgium: a year-long, population-level analysis. ESMO Open, 6(4). doi.org/10.1016/j.esmoop.2021.100197website
8Pelsemaeker de, M. C. et al. (2020). The Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic and the Associated Belgian Governmental Measures on Cancer Screening, Surgical Pathology and Cytopathology. Pathobiology, 88(1), 46-55. doi: 10.1159/000509546website
9Vaandering, A. et al. (2021). Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on Patients and Staff in Radiation Oncology Departments in Belgium: A National Survey. Frontiers in Oncology, 11, 748. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2021.654086website
10Onesti, C. E. et al. (2020). 1720P How do oncological patients perceive the Covid-19 pandemic? Experience from CHU Liège in Belgium. Ann Oncol, 31, S1010. doi:10.1016/j.annonc.2020.08.1784website
11Azambuja de, E. et al. (2020). Impact of solid cancer on in-hospital mortality overall and among different subgroups of patients with Covid-19: a nationwide, population-based analysis. ESMO Open, 5(5). doi: 10.1136/esmoopen-2020-000947website
12Lattenist, R. et al. (2020). Covid-19 in Adult Patients with Hematological Disease: Analysis of Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes. Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus, 37(1), 181-185. doi: 10.1007/s12288-020-01318-4.website

Cyprus

1World Bank, 2020website
2World Bank, 2019website
3WHO, IARC Country profile, 2020website
4WHO, Cancer Country profile, 2020website
5WHO, Cancer Country profile, 2018website
6European Central Bank, 2019website
7Eurostat, 2020website
8Cyprus Mail, 2021website
9Kyriazis, M. et al. (2021). Covid-19 Isolation and Risk of Death in Cyprus Elderly People. Frontiers in Medicine, 8, 1263. doi: 10.3389/fmed.2021.717692website

Czech Republic

1World Bank, 2020website
2World Bank, 2019website
3WHO, IARC Country profile, 2020website
4WHO, Cancer Country profile, 2020website
5Focus Economics, 2019website
6Eurostat, 2020website
7Suchanek, S. et al. (2021). The Impact Of The Covid-19 Pandemic On Colorectal Cancer Screening In The Czech Republic. Endoscopy, 53(1), S268. doi:10.1055/s-0041-1725002website

Denmark

1World Bank, 2019website
2WHO, IARC Country profile, 2020website
3Eurostat, 2020website
4Jeppesen, S. S. et al. (2021). Quality of life in patients with cancer during the Covid-19 pandemic - a Danish cross-sectional study (COPICADS). Acta Oncology, 60(1), 4-12. doi: 10.1080/0284186X.2020.1830169website
5Vinter Weber, N. (2020, December 9). Fight Against Cancer: Worrying decline in new cancer diagnoses during corona crisiswebsite
6Wessel Skovlund, C. et al. (2021). Hidden morbidities: drop in cancer diagnoses during the Covid-19 pandemic in Denmark. Acta Oncologica, 60(1), 20-23. doi: 10.1080/0284186X.2020.185823website
7Kjeldsted, E. et al. (2021). A population-based survey of patients’ experiences with teleconsultations in cancer care in Denmark during the Covid-19 pandemic. Acta Oncologica, 60(10), 1352-1360. doi: 10.1080/0284186X.2021.1956688website

France

1World Bank, 2019website
2WHO, IARC Country profile, 2020website
3WHO, Cancer Country profile, 2018website
4French National Cancer Institute, 2018website
5OECD, 2018website
6Eurostat, 2020website
7Kempf, E. et al. (2021). New cancer cases at the time of SARS-Cov2 pandemic and related public health policies: A persistent and concerning decrease long after the end of the national lockdown. European Journal of Cancer, 150, 260-267. doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2021.02.015website
8Blay, J. Y. et al. (2021). Delayed care for patients with newly diagnosed cancer due to Covid-19 and estimated impact on cancer mortality in France. ESMO OPEN, 6(3), 100-134. doi: 10.1016/j.esmoop.2021.100134.website
9IQVIA. (2021). Impact of Covid-19 on the Treatment of Cancer - EU4 and UKwebsite
10Lamblin, G. et al. (2020). Impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on therapeutic modifications in patients with gynecological cancers. ESMO OPEN, 48(11), 777-783. doi: 10.1016/j.gofs.2020.09.011.
Lamblin, G et al. “Impact de la pandémie de Covid-19 sur les modifications thérapeutiques des patientes atteintes de cancers gynécologiques”
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11Bardet, A. et al. (2020). Impact of Covid-19 on healthcare organisation and cancer outcomes. European Journal of Cancer, 153, 123-132. doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2021.05.012. "A. Bardet et al. ""Impact of Covid-19 on healthcare organisation and cancer outcomes"" "website
12Héquet, D. et al. (2020). Impact of the Covid-19 epidemic on requests for initial care for breast cancer. Bull Cancer, 107(6), 620-622. doi: 10.1016/j.bulcan.2020.04.004. Héquet, Delphine et al. “Impact de l’épidémie de Covid-19 sur les demandes de prise en charge initiale pour cancer du sein” website
13Ligue contre le Cancer. (2021). Mars Bleu 2021 : mois de dépistage du cancer colorectal.website
14Cancer centre Gustave Roussy. (2020, September 18). Covid-19 : la surmortalité par cancers lors de la première vague estimée entre 2 et 5%website
15Santé Publique France. (2021, September 27). Recensement national des cas de Covid-19 chez les professionnels en établissements de santé. https://www.santepubliquefrance.fr/etudes-et-enquetes/recensement-national-des-cas-de-Covid-19-chez-les-professionnels-en-etablissements-de-santewebsite

Germany

1World Bank, 2019website
2WHO, Cancer Country profile, 2020website
2Robert Koch Institute, 2016website
4OECD, 2018website
5Eurostat, 2020website
6Heise, G. (2020). Despite Covid-19, breast cancer screening is as important as ever. DW. https://www.dw.com/en/despite-Covid-19-breast-cancer-screening-is-as-important-as-ever/a-54632441., 2020website
7IQVIA. (2021). Impact of Covid-19 on the Treatment of Cancer - EU4 and UK.website
8Büntzel, J. et al. (2021). Take care or “German Angst”? Lessons from cancer care during Covid-19 pandemic in spring 2020. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol, 147, 2093–2105. doi: 10.1007/s00432-020-03492-4.website
9Reichardt, P. et al. (2021). Decreased Incidence of Oncology Admissions in 75 Helios Hospitals in Germany during the Covid-19 Pandemic. Oncol Res Treat, 44(3), 71-75. doi: 10.1159/000512935.website
10Wurnschimmel, C. et al. (2020). Martini-Klinik experience of prostate cancersurgery during the early phase of the Covid-19 pandemic. BJU International, 126(2), 252-255. doi: 10.1111/bju.15115.website
11Jacob, L. et al. (2021). Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on Cancer Diagnoses in General and Specialized Practices in Germany. Cancers, 13(3), 408. doi: 10.3390/cancers13030408website
12Hajek, A. et al. (2021). Determinants of Postponed Cancer Screening During the Covid-19 Pandemic: Evidence from the Nationally Representative Covid-19 Snapshot Monitoring in Germany (COSMO). Risk Management and Healthcare Policy, 14, 3003-3011. doi: 10.2147/RMHP.S297326website
13WHO, IARC Country profile, 2020website

Ireland

1World Bank, 2020website
2WHO, IARC Country profile, 2018website
3National Cancer Registry Ireland, 2018website
4Irish Cancer Society, 2021website
5Burke, L. et al, Deploying Data-Driven Intelligence to measure the impact of COVID-19 on cancer care and cancer patients, 2020website
6Focus economics, 2020website

Italy

1WHO, IARC Country profile, 2020website
2World Bank, 2020website
3WHO, Cancer Country profile, 2020website
4Eurostat, 2020website
5Thaler, M. et al. (2020). Impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on patients suffering from musculoskeletal tumours. International orthopaedics, 44(8), 1503–1509. doi: 10.1007/s00264-020-04636-4.website
6Mantellini, P. et al. (2020). Rapporto sui ritardi accumulati dai programmi di screening italiani in seguito alla pandemia da Covid-19 - Secondo Rapporto al 30 Settembre 2020. Gruppo di lavoro ONSwebsite
7IQVIA. (2021). Impact of Covid-19 on the Treatment of Cancer - EU4 and UK.website
8Jereczek-Fossa, B.A. et al. (2020). Covid-19 Outbreak and Cancer Radiotherapy Disruption in Lombardy, Northern Italy. Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol), 32(7), 160-161. doi: 10.1016/j.clon.2020.04.007website
9Marinis de, F. et al. (2020). Results of Multilevel Containment Measures to Better Protect Lung Cancer Patients From Covid-19: The IEO Model. Frontiers in Oncology, 10, 665. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2020.00665.website
10Variani, S. (2020). Cure Palliative Domiciliari e Covid-19: Aspetti clinici e organizzativi nelle zone ad alto e Basso Rischio - L’IMPATTO PSICOLOGICO SU PAZIENTI E FAMILIARI. Fondazione ANT.website
11Slotman, B. J. et al. (2020). Effect of Covid-19 pandemic on practice in European radiation oncology centers. Covid-19 Rapid Letter, 150, 40-42. doi: 10.1016/j.radonc.2020.06.007.website
12Motore Sanita. (2021). Cancro e COVID: l’emergenza nell’emergenza l’oncologia nell’era intra e post pandemicawebsite
13Vanni G. et al. (2020). The Effect of Coronavirus (Covid-19) on Breast Cancer Teamwork: A Multicentric Survey. In Vivo, 34(3), 1685-1694. doi: 10.21873/invivo.11962website

Netherlands

1World Bank, 2020website
2World Bank, 2019website
3WHO, IARC Country Profile, 2020website
4WHO, Cancer Country profile, 2018website
5Netherlands Comprehensive Cancer Organisation, 2019website
6Statistics Netherlands (CBS), 2020website
7Eurostat, 2020website
8Kortlever, T. L. et al. (2021). The national FIT-based colorectal cancer screening program in the Netherlands during the Covid-19 pandemic. Preventive Medicine, 151, 106643. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2021.106643website
9EFPIA (2021), The impact of Covid-19 0n patient access to cancer care in Europe - Everyday countswebsite
10Eijkelboom, A. H. et al. (2021). Impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on diagnosis, stage, and initial treatment of breast cancer in the Netherlands: a population-based study. J Hematol Oncol, 14, 64. doi: 10.1186/s13045-021-01073-7.website
11Uyl-de Groot, Carin A et al. “Underdiagnosis in cancer due to the Covid-19 crisis by diagnosis, age and province: A crucial role for primary care providers” [Fewer cancer diagnoses during the Covid-19 epidemic according to diagnosis, age and region]. TSG: Health Sciences Journal , 1-8. 11 Dec. 2020, doi:10.1007/s12508-020-00289-website
12Dutch Federation of Cancer Patient Organisationswebsite
13Schellekens, M. P. J. et Van der Lee, M. L. (2020). Loneliness and belonging: Exploring experiences with the Covid-19 pandemic in psycho-oncology. Psycho-Oncology, 29(9), 1399-1401. doi: 10.1002/pon.5459website
14Joode de, K. et al. (2021). Dutch Oncology Covid-19 consortium: Outcome of Covid-19 in patients with cancer in a nationwide cohort study. Eur J Cancer, 141, 171-184. doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2020.09.027website

Poland

1World Bank, 2020website
2WHO, IARC Country profile, 2018website
3WHO, Cancer Country profile, 2018website
4Eurostat, 2020website
5Maluchnik, M., et al. (2020). Decreasing access to cancer diagnosis and treatment during the Covid-19 pandemic in Poland. Acta Oncologica, 60(1), 28-31. doi: 10.1080/0284186X.2020.1837392website
6National Institute of Oncology Maria Skłodowska-Curie of the National Research Institute. (2021). The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the oncological care system.website

Portugal

1World Bank, 2019website
2WHO, Cancer Country profile, 2020website
3WHO, IARC Country profile, 2020website
4WHO, IARC Country profile, 2018website
5OECD Better Life Index, 2017website
6Eurostat, 2020website
7Expresso - Lusa Agency. (2021). Perto de 450 mil rastreios ao cancro ficaram por fazer no primeiro ano de pandemiawebsite
8Pereira, K. et al. (2021). O impacto da pandemia Covid-19 na abordagem terapêutica do cancro de cabeça e pescoço: Uma análise semestral. Revista Portuguesa De Otorrinolaringologia E Cirurgia De Cabeça E Pescoço, 59(2), 207-215. doi: 10.34631/sporl.93website
9Liga Portuguesa Contra o Cancro. (2020). Impacto da Covid-19 em doentes oncológicos e seus familiares/cuidadores.website
10Observador - Lusa Agency. (2020). Covid-19. IPO do Porto preocupado com redução na referenciação de novos casos de cancroswebsite

Romania

1WHO, IARC Country profile, 2020website
2World Bank, 2019website
3WHO, Cancer Country profile, 2020website
4ICCP, 2020website
5Eurostat, 2020website
6Romanian Health Observatory. (2020). The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the access of chronically ill people to medical services in Romaniawebsite
7Gheorghe, A. S. et al. (2021). Knowledge, attitudes and practices related to the Covid-19 outbreak among Romanian adults with cancer: a cross-sectional national survey. ESMO OPEN, 6(1), 100027. doi: 10.1016/j.esmoop.2020.10002website

Russia

1WHO, IARC Country profile, 2020website
2World Bank, 2020website
3Loginova, K. (2020). Why kill others?": 190 cancer patients left untreated to accommodate Covid-19 infected. Sneg. www.sneg.tv/43654-pochemu-nado-ubivat-drugih-190-onkobolnyh-ostavili-bez-lechenija-chtoby-razmestit-zarazhennyh-Covid-19, 2020website
4Tsimafeyeu, I. et al. (2021). Covid-19 in Patients With Renal Cell Carcinoma in the Russian Federation. Clinical Genitourinary Cancer, 19(2), 69-71. doi: 10.1016/j.clgc.2020.07.007, 202website
5COVIDSurg Collaborative. (2020). Elective surgery cancellations due to the Covid-19 pandemic: global predictive modelling to inform surgical recovery plan. BJS, 107(11), 1440-1449. doi: 10.1002/bjs.11746, 2020website
6Kaprin, A. D. et al. (2021). Experience of treating cancer patients in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic. Anesthesiology and Reanimatology, (2), 117-123. doi: 10.17116/anaesthesiology2021021117website

Spain

1World Bank, 2020website
2WHO, Cancer Country profile, 2020website
3WHO, IARC Country profile, 2020website
4Eurostat, 2020website
5Amador, M. et al. (2021). Impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the care of cancer patients in Spain. ESMO Open, 6(3), 100157. doi: 10.1016/j.esmoop.2021.10015website
6IQVIA. (2021). Impact of Covid-19 on the Treatment of Cancer - EU4 and UKwebsite
7De la Portilla de Juan, F. et al. (2020). Impact of the pandemic on surgical activity in colorectal cancer in Spain - Results of a national survey. Cirurgia española, 94(6). doi: 10.1016/j.ciresp.2020.07.011website
8Astor, L. (2021). Study shows increase in lung cancer mortality, decrease in diagnosis during Covid-19 pandemic. Cancer network, World Conference on Lung Cancer.website

Switzerland

1WHO, IARC Country profile , 2020website
2World Bank, 2019website
3OECD Better life index, 2020website
4Eurostat, 2020website
5Triboulet, C. (2021). Impact de la pandémie de Covid sur la détection des cancers de la peau. Revue Médicale de Suisse, 17(732), 635 - 639. PMID: 33793101website
6Achard, V. et al. (2020). A national survey on radiation oncology patterns of practice in Switzerland during the Covid-19 pandemic: Present changes and future perspectives. Radiotherapy and Oncology, 150, 1-3. doi: 10.1016/j.radonc.2020.05.04website

United-Kingdom

1World Bank, 2019website
2WHO, IARC Country profile, 2020website
3UK Office for National Statistics, 2020website
4Cancer Research UK, 2020 - Cancer Statistics for the UKwebsite
5Statista.com, 2020website
6Breast Cancer Now. (2020). Almost one million women in UK miss vital breast screening due to Covid-19.website
7Wishart, G. (2021). The effect of Covid on cancer diagnosis in 2020. The science of communicationswebsite
8Ho, K. M. A. et al. (2021). Predicting endoscopic activity recovery in England after Covid-19: a national analysis. Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol, 6(5), 381-390. doi: 10.1016/S2468-1253(21)00058-3website
9Macmillan Cancer Support (2020)website
10Davies, J. (2021). What impact has Covid-19 had on cancer services?. Nuffield Trust. website
11IQVIA. (2021). Impact of Covid-19 on the Treatment of Cancer - EU4 and UKwebsite
12The Lancet Oncology. (2021). Covid-19 and cancer: 1 year on. The Lancet Oncology, 22(4), 411. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(21)00148-0website
13Lai, A.G. et al. (2020). Estimated impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on cancer services and excess 1-year mortality in people with cancer and multimorbidity: near real-time data on cancer care, cancer deaths and a population-based cohort study. BMJ Open, 10(11):e043828. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-043828.website
14Willan, J. et al. (2020). Assessing the impact of lockdown: Fresh challenges for the care of haematology patients in the Covid-19 pandemic. British Journal of Haematology, 189(6), 224-227. doi: 10.1111/bjh.16782 website
15Maringe, C. et al. (2020). The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on cancer deaths due to delays in diagnosis in England, UK: a national, population-based, modelling study. The Lancet Oncology, 21(8), 1023-1034. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(20)30388-0website
16NHS e-Referral Service (e-RS) open data dashboard [Internet]. Nhs.ukwebsite
17Cancer research UK, 2021 - Almost half of people with possible cancer symptoms didn’t see GP in first wave of pandemicwebsite
18Leong, T. L. (2020). Delayed access to lung cancer screening and treatment during the Covid-19 pandemic: Are we headed for a lung cancer pandemic?. Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology, 26(2), 145-146. doi: 10.1111/resp.13996website
19Sud, A. et al. (2020). Effect of delays in the 2-week-wait cancer referral pathway during the COVID-19 pandemic on cancer survival in the UK: a modelling study. The Lancet Oncology, 21(8), 1035–1044. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(20)30392-2website
20Loveday, C. et al. (2021). Prioritisation by FIT to mitigate the impact of delays in the 2-week wait colorectal cancer referral pathway during the COVID-19 pandemic: a UK modelling study. Gut, 70(6), 1053–1060. doi: 10.1136/gutjnl-2020-321650website
21UK Parliament. (2020). Workforce burnout and resilience in the NHS and social care Contents.website